An Ethnobotanical Study on the Farming System of the Makian Ethnic Group in Halmahera Island, North Maluku

Authors

  • Muhamad Nikmatullah Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia
  • Mulyati Rahayu Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia
  • Siti Susiarti Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia
  • Marwan Setiawan Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia
  • Ida Farida Hasanah Research Center for Biology, Indonesian Institute of Sciences, Cibinong, Indonesia

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46359/jte.v4i1.91

Keywords:

Ethnobotany, farming system, Makian Ethnic Group, North Maluku

Abstract

Farming is an activity carried out by humans to utilize biological resources, especially for producing food. Bale Village, Oba District, Tidore, Halmahera Island, North Maluku is inhabited by the Makian ethnic group, originating from Makian Island. They are local transmigrants. In this study, researchers conducted direct observation and interviews with key informants who had expertise and information in agriculture at the research location. The results showed that the farming is carried out in yards (kintal) and fields (doba). The agricultural pattern implemented by the Makian people is still traditional. They still use simple technology. Coconut, nutmeg, cocoa, and coffee are the Makian people’s main commodities. The local wisdom that is still practiced by them is planting and harvesting their agricultural products according to the customs of their ancestors. They also do not sell their agricultural land to outsiders.

Published

2021-06-26